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Horned Puffin

Horned Puffin

Common Name:
Horned Puffin
Scientific Name:
Fratercula corniculata
Gestation Period:
41 days
  • Marine
  • Rocky Areas
14 in
Life Span:
20 yrs
Number of Young:
1 egg
1.3 lb

Did you know that a horned puffin may carry over 50 small fish crosswise in their bills? Learn more about horned puffins.

Care & Wellness:

Since they live in colonies in the wild, the Zoo houses a large colony of these puffins. Many of them walk onto a scale for routine weighing. Their reward for participating is food or something like moss, which they use for nesting.

  • Horned puffins are highly social, nesting in large groups and feeding in large flocks.
  • Nests are in crevices on cliffs and often lined with feathers, grass, or debris collected by both parents.
  • They may dive to depths of 40 meters in search of fish, squid, and other marine animals, using their wings to "fly" beneath the water.
  • Elaborate courtships include head jerks and bill slapping, both involving their brightly-colored beak.
Endangered Status
  • Extinct in Wild (EW)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Not Evaluated (NE)
Fun Facts:
  • After the young leave the nest, they may stay out to sea for three to four years until mature.
  • Their bill becomes brightly colored during the breeding season.
  • Parents stay in nest for six days after the young hatches to keep it warm.
  • They may carry over 50 small fish crosswise in their bills.
Two puffins perched on a rock.