Pepper is one of the oldest and best-known spices in the world. From the earliest days of commerce, pepper’s ability to spice up the bland European diet made it an item of extreme luxury and a staple of trade. Black and White Pepper actually comes from the same plant, Piper nigrum. Black Pepper is made from dried unripened fruit. White Pepper is made from the inner portion of the fully ripened fruit.

Wildlife Facts
Common Name:
Black Pepper
Scientific Name:
Piper nigrum
India, Ceylon
  • Yellow
Fun Facts:
  • Some consider it "King of the Spices".
  • Has been used in cooking for at least 4000 years.
  • Historically has been used as currency and in traditional medicine.
Plant Type:
  • Perennial
  • Vine/liana
Endangered Status
Endangered Status
  • Extinct in Wild (EW)
  • Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Endangered (EN)
  • Vulnerable (VU)
  • Near Threatened (NT)
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • Not Evaluated (NE)
Hardiness Zones

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. The map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones.

USDA Hardiness Zones

10a (30 °F to 35 °F)

10b (35 °F to 40 °F)

11a (40 °F to 45 °F)

11b (45 °F to 50 °F)

12a (50 °F to 55 °F)

12b (55 °F to 60 °F)